Navajo Star Chart and ear shamans

Many Stars Site; Middle Trail Canyon. Photograph Von Del Chamberlain

Star ceilings are scattered throughout the Navajo region. They consist of clusters of stars painted or stamped on the overhanging ceilings of natural rock shelters. Each star in the pattern is depicted as an equal-armed cross, in black, red, or white or occasionally in orange, yellow or green. These characteristics distinguish star ceilings from depictions of stars on vertical rock faces and from star images incised or drilled into the rock. The star ceilings vary in detail from a single star to a cave ceiling filled with the imprints of several hundred stars.

Eighty sites have been identified so far: about 66% of these are concentrated in the Canyon de Chelly National Monument, 15% in the original Dinétah heartland, and the remainder widely scattered throughout the four-corners region.

These sites are not generally recognized as visitor attractions. Most of the sites are intact and well-preserved, sometimes because of their isolated location and limited public knowledge of them, others because they are physically located in National Parks and Monuments.

Sacado de la web de la UNESCO: https://www3.astronomicalheritage.net/index.php/show-entity?identity=13&idsubentity=1

Making the “Stars” of Navajo “Planetaria”

Stephen C. JettKivaVol. 50, No. 1 (Fall, 1984), pp. 25-40

Article: https://www.jstor.org/stable/30247676?seq=1

Navajo pictograph panels of crosses on cave ceilings in Arizona and New Mexico are believed to represent stars. It has been thought that the “stars” in these “planetaria” (1) were brush- or wooden-stamp painted, (2) were reached by ladder, scaffold, or poles, (3) are eighteenth century, and (4) were made for ritual purposes. Field examination and informant testimony reveal that (1) many or most crosses were applied with stamps made from yucca leaves or other materials, (2) the bow and arrow was one way of gaining access to high ceilings, (3) some crosses were made as late as 1920, and (4) in some cases, mere amusement was the sole motive for application.

Navaho Star Chart, part of a large planetarium panel in Cottonwood Canyon, Canyon de Chelly, Arizona. After 1775 to the present. A Navaho living in the area knows of 32 such planetaria in Canyon de Chelly. The shapes may have being stamped on the ceilings of the rock shelters with wooden patterns mounted on long poles. in other New Mexico Locations, colors and figures are also introduced to planetaria. These are sacred sites, starlore being important to Navaho religion. (Photo: Campbell Grant, courtesy of University of Arizona Press. (Del libro Overlay, de Lucy Lippard, página 105.)

Navajo cave paintings

Petroglifos con orejas amplificadas

Lo más provocativo del las pinturas del cañon de Anasazi son las grandes figuras humanas con ornamentos encima de la cabeza y apéndices en la oreja izquierda. Se encuentran figuras idénticas en petroglifos del área de Cutler Wash en Utah. Estos apéndices podrían estar conectados con atributos chamicos según Grant (1978:261). 

En algunas imágenes estos objetos parecen claramente plumas, pero en otras series los arcos o formas similares al final de las “plumas” son enigmáticas. 

Otros dibujos

___

Imágenes del libro: “Canyon de Chelly: Its People and Rock Art”, Escrito por Campbell Grant

https://books.google.es/books?id=ew2xCgAAQBAJ&lpg=PA219&ots=n5flL6Dyc0&dq=planetarium%20panel%20in%20Cottonwood%20Canyon%2C%20Canyon%20de%20Chelly&pg=PA211#v=onepage&q&f=false

Seasonal calendar Navajo

Sun Dagger seasonal Calendar. Chaco Canyon National Monument in New Mexico, USA, a product of the Pueblo culture around the end of the first millennium A.D.

Lo meciona el libro de Lucy Lippard:

P. 100

Sofaer encontró en la parte más inaccesible a 430 pies de altura en Fajada Butte en Chaco Canyon dos petroglifos en espiral que marcan el mediodía En lugar de el amanecer o el atardecer como es habitual..hace marcas distintas la rayita de sol sobre el petroglifo según sea el solsticio o el equinocio, pero además

Hace una sombra en el centro de la espiral cuando el sol se levanta hasta y llega a la posición de la luna llena cada 19 años, biseccionando los 19 anillos de la espiral. Es decir, usando la cimbra y la luz los indios observaban el mínimo y el máximo extremo del sol y de la luna. Esto indica conocimientos astronómicos, herramientas y capacidades de investigación y sobre la física de las superficies curvas. 

Se descubrió que en en las casas de Pueblo Bonito en Chaco Canyon mucha parte del diseño fundamental de las casas se alineaba con el amanecer y el atardecer del sol de equinocio y el sol de mediodía. [Hoy es una zona amenazada por el fraking].

(Buscar relación de sitios ancestrales y su uso energético hoy, petróleo, uranio….).

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